Abstract Nouns and Concrete Nouns with Definition and Examples

What are Abstract Nouns and Concrete Nouns?

You can probably recall that nouns are words that name people, animals, places, things, and ideas. Here, I will be defining abstract nouns and concrete nouns, provide examples and give you the information you need for using an abstract and concrete noun to write interesting sentences.
Abstract and Concrete Nouns
Abstract nouns are words for things that you cannot experience with any of your five senses. In other words, you cannot see, hear, taste, smell, or touch them. Whereas the feelings and concepts and ideas are abstract nouns.
Concrete noun refers to the name of something or someone that we experience through our senses, sight, hearing, smell, touch, or taste.

Abstract nouns and concrete nouns are usually defined in terms of one another. Something that is abstract exists only in the mind, while something that is concrete can interact in a physical way. Qualities, relationships, theories, conditions, and stages of being are examples of the types of things abstract noun defines.Let us discuss each of these nouns separately.

Abstract Noun

A noun that denotes an abstract quality, state or action, rather than a concrete quality is called an abstract noun.These nouns have no physical shape. They can't be experienced with our five senses.
Examples: love, hate, anger, loyalty, sympathy, belief, dream, kindness, intention, knowledge, thought, culture, duration, trust, faith, leisure, etc.
These are abstract nouns, because:

They have no physical existence.

Articles cannot be used with them.
They cannot be felt with senses.
 Abstract nouns are formed using adjectives, verbs, and common nouns. We add suffixes to adjectives, verbs, and common nouns to form abstract nouns.
dark(adjective) + ness(noun suffix) = darkness(abstract noun)
observe(verb) + ation(noun suffix) = observation(abstract noun)
king(common noun) + ship(noun suffix) = kingship(abstract noun)

Abstract Nouns from Adjectives
Abstract Nouns from Verbs
Abstract Nouns from Common nouns
Kind -- kindness
Obey – obedience
Child – childhood
Honest – honesty
Grow – growth
Slave – slavery
Ill – illness
Punish – punishment
Mother – motherhood
Dark – darkness
Please – pleasure
King – kingship
Happy – happiness
Observe -- observation
Infant – infancy
Brave – bravery
Move -- movement
Agent – agency
Strong -- strength
Judge -- judgement
Hero -- heroism
Beauty –  beautiful
Die – death
Member – membership
Great –  greatness
Free – freedom
Neighbour -- neighbourhood
Hungry – hunger
Know -- knowledge
Leader – leadership
New -- newness
Marry -- marriage
Scholar -- scholarship
Thirsty -- thirst
Speak -- speech
Friend -- friendship
So abstract nouns are very important and very common in English. They are often, not always, formed by adding an ending to the root words. For example, the word child is a concrete noun but childhood is an abstract noun. So by adding hood on to the root word child, we get the childhood, an abstract noun.


Nouns with these endings are often abstract nouns.
-tion, -ism, -ity, -ment, -ness, -age, -ence, -ship, -al, -acy, -hood.
So if you see a word ending with one of these endings is probably an abstract noun.
Abstract nouns are often formed from adjectives. The abstract noun wisdom is formed from the adjective wise.
Many a time abstract nouns are confused with adjectives. The important thing to remember here is that it is a state of mind.For example, let us take the word ''happiness''. This word is an abstract noun because it is a state of mind, but this emotion is derived from the word "happy". The word 'happy' is an adjective because it is a quality of nature. Some other examples are kindness- from kind, youth- from young. 


Abstract nouns also name an action. The abstract noun discovery is a name given to the act of discovering.

➤ Most abstract nouns cannot be counted and are usually singular in number. The abstract nouns friendship and kindness cannot be counted and cannot be written in the plural.
The table below lists different types of abstract nouns.
Feelings
States
Emotions
Qualities
Anxiety
Liberty
Anger
Kindness
Fear
Grief
Joy
Honesty
Warmth
nervousness
Hate
Dedication
Pleasure
Luxury
Despair
Patience
Stress
Slavery
Sorrow
Loyalty
Satisfaction
Youth
Grief
Confidence
Confusion
Peace
Happiness
Generosity
Sympathy
Freedom
Sadness
Courage
Concepts
Moments/
Events
Ideas
Faith
Marriage
Knowledge
Energy
Birthday
Thought
Democracy
Past
Wisdom
Charity
Future
Luck
Culture
Career
Ideas
Opportunity
Life
Beliefs
Comfort
Death
dreams
Failure
childhood
justice


The following sentences contain abstract noun examples which have been underlined for easy identification. Notice that although the ideas expressed are real, they are things you can't see, touch, taste, smell, or hear.
  1.  Wisdom keeps us safe.
  2.  Bravery should be rewarded.
  3.  Honesty is sometimes difficult but always right.
  4.  What is the length of the room?
  5.  A slave knows no freedom.
  6.  She reported to the police about her lost bag.
  7.  Childhood is a time to learn and have fun.
  8.  She got her mother's permission to go to the cinema.
  9.  Love is a kind of irresistible desire, it is hard to define.
  10.  What is the height of the roof?

Concrete Nouns

Nouns that can be experienced with our five senses are called concrete nouns. They have physical shapes and can be touched, seen, tasted, and felt.
Examples:- table, chair, bed, can, mountain, book, eggs, fan, train, monkey, elephant, card, jug, glass, cup, bat, sparrow, dog, cat, mango, apple, etc.

A concrete noun is also a type of common noun, similar to the abstract noun. Most of the nouns used are usually concrete nouns. Consider the sentence,

Veena likes to drink milk.
Here we have two nouns Veena and milk. Both can be seen and touched. So which one of these is a concrete noun. As we know that concrete noun is a type of common noun. Veena cannot be a concrete noun as it is a proper noun. So milk is the concrete noun.

Examples:
  1.  There are two rooms in my house.
  2.  My friend had found my missing book.
  3.  I ate two bananas and tea at the breakfast.
The table below lists some of the concrete nouns and abstract nouns.Try and understand the relationship between them.
Concrete Noun
Abstract Noun
President
Honour
Teacher
Dedication
Cat
Lazy
Police
Trust
Music
Relaxation



Summary
A noun which we cannot perceive with our senses is called an abstract noun.
A noun which we can perceive with our senses is called a concrete noun.
Example:

He received a  badge for his bravery.

The words badge and bravery are nouns. The noun badge is a thing that we can see or touch whereas the noun bravery is a quality that we cannot see or touch. Here the noun badge is a concrete noun and the noun bravery is an abstract noun.


I hope this explanation will help you to understand better the difference between abstract and concrete nouns.
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